Tuesday, October 19, 2021

The Viking Timeline: What Happened & When?


About the Viking period, these Norsemen people used to follow the Germanic Iron Age from the year 793 to 1066. They primarily used the oceans and rivers way to explore entire Europe for trading, attacking, and conquering the region. The Viking timeline has its origin in Icelandic sagas, which were the class of heroic prose narrative written during the era of 1200 to 1220 about the great families who were residing in Iceland from the period of 930 to 1030 and those Iceland stories written hundreds of years after the incident happened. If such an event happened again, it would have been the analysis and judgment of the merits and faults of a literary or artistic work of the Viking stories.

Historical records revealed stories about overcoming and taking control of the regions such as Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland by the Norsemen used to refer to the group of Vikings living in the village of Norheim during the era 790. Such details predict only the one-sided picture and help the individuals pull the detailed history of the Viking people.

# Initial days of the Viking period

In the early stage of life, these people conquered Christian monasteries unprotected during the 793 century, which was ideally located at Lindisfarne, northeast England. So as per the English legacy, atheist people came and destroyed God’s church by stealing the goods from the place and abruptly killing innocent people staying within that region. During the 830 century, the admirable objet d’art i.e., the Oseberg ship that is found near Tønsberg got buried during that time, which has to kept safely depicting the souvenir of the Viking age. In the 840 century, these Norsemen took forcible possession of the sacerdotal places for the settlement. They began to establish camps of their own, which later became the Republic of Ireland’s capital.

# Conquerment and setting up their regions

The society was further divided into three socioeconomic classes as per the Viking timeline, i.e., Thralls which was the lowest rank known as slaves, Karls was a free peasant, or simply free man, and Jarls were the wealthy kings who owned the large estates which have been illustrated in the books known as the father of humankind who has created these classes. 

During the Medieval history of Icelandic, Harald Fairhair, the Old Norse, became the first ruler of Norway and reigned from the 872 to 930 century. After the battle of Hafrsfjord, this king got deemed to have undivided Norway. The swords chisel of Stavanger kept in the museum pays tribute to the historic ruling king of the Viking region.

# Battles fought by Vikings

To raid Seville, Vikings people voyage through the Guadalquivir River and protect their region; the Muslim army fought back. Response from the expeditious Muslims deters the Vikings people not to attack Spain. With their superiority, these people attacked the north of America. However, they weren’t able to seize the ruler of that region and as per the Viking timeline establishes their kingdom in that particular region.

During the Century 920, there was a battle Tettenhall which resulted in the defeat of the last great Danish army with the vividness from the Mercia and Wessex to demolish England. Another battle has been fought under the Viking king’s supremacy on the edge of the Tyne river, wherein an Englishmen win a victory over the scots. Along the Mediterranean region, Vikings began a series of the raid. After many years, the clever Swedish olef attack with the threat of violence Constantinople, the city which is now known as Istanbul, but was unsuccessful. The Viking leader Rollo had given the land by the Franks after he agrees to lay siege to Paris. All the successors and followers of Rollo adopted the local language, and after that, become the Normans.

# Effect of Christianity on Vikings

The First Christian church had built by the founder of Trondheim, Olav Tryggvasson, in Norway. This ruler spends tremendous time on the Scilly Isles, where it tends to believe that the prognosticator foresaw a battle in which Tryggvason suffered from great laceration and later on converted into Christian. Therefore, after meeting, he survived a dangerous attack and properly converted. Viking king returned to Norway to take the throne, and so then began Norway’s slow transfiguration.

All the funerals of Vikings which involved cremation of the bodies used to take place at sea as per the written sources. The Viking stone or mountain was one of the primary sources of proof for the circumstances during their ruling era.

# Last days of Norseman

The area known as Vinland got dumped because of the limited supplies and the long journey required by Vikings to trade with the people residing in the Scandinavia regions. At last, Norway’s Christian king got defeated in the battle of Stiklestad. Later on, the churches and shrines were built to pay homage to him across the European region. Even though England’s King Harold Godwinson destroyed Norway’s Harald Hardråda at the Battle of Stamford Bridge to conquer their region. Christianity had embarked its root in the region of Denmark and Norway by setting up a district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church. After that, the new religion started emerging in the region of Sweden.


The historical stories about the Vikings rulers illustrate Viking people that were relentless, reckless rulers, engaging in brutal battles and exploring different regions through the seas for trade, raids, and conquest during their time. The Viking timeline itself demonstrates that the Norsemen themselves got expanded. However, their grounds were not clearly defined, as historians tend to believe that due to the lack of resources, they could not conquer many regions. A few of the researchers also stated that the Viking rulers started sailing and raiding to seek out the women from foreign lands.

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here